The ability to perform horizontal pushing patterns, sort of a chest press is a vital part of anyone's movement capability. maybe one amongst the foremost utilised strategies for active this movement within the gymnasium setting is that the bench press.

However, before worrying regarding the variability of programming choices, loading parameters, and multiple ways in which to include a bench press into a client’s resistance program, you want to ensure a shopper will perform the bench press with correct kind.

3 COMMON BENCH PRESS kind problems

Perhaps the foremost common factors preventing smart bench press kind is:

(1) a scarcity of information of the exercise technique

(2) Misguided or miscalculated acute variable choice

(3) Muscle imbalance

Not each shopper fighting ideal bench press kind will attribute it to those problems, however the factors mentioned during this article area unit a good place to start the troubleshooting method.

1 LACK of information OF TECHNIQUE

While there area unit several potential causes for discontinuous bench press kind, maybe the foremost common reason relates to the client's existing data of kind and overall understanding of the exercise's ideal posture and movement technique. short|meager|meagre|meagerly} data of kind would be a current issue for starting shoppers with restricted expertise or little exercise instruction.

It may appear obvious, however the foremost basic step for assessing a client’s data of kind would be through a mix of dialogue and demonstration. A most popular technique for teaching bench press kind would be to “Tell. Show. Do.” In different words, describe the correct setup and execution of the bench press (Tell), then demonstrate Associate in Nursing example (Show), and so have the shopper perform some reps, providing cues and feedback to reinforce their execution of the movement (Do). A client’s data of performance will increase after they area unit provided info regarding the standard of their movement (Ambler-Wright et al, 2021).

The bench press exercise may be divided into 2 parts: the preparation part and also the movement phase. throughout the preparation part, the shopper ought to lie flat with their back on the bench, feet flat on the ground, and toes pointed straight ahead. If the client’s legs area unit too short to succeed in the ground, it's okay to place a step or little platform underneath their feet that the shopper might maintain a neutral spine and girdle tilt. The forearms ought to be perpendicular to the resistance with the hands placed slightly wider than shoulder-width apart, in-line with the chest, employing a neutral grip, which suggests the wrist joint ought to be neither flexed nor extended.

During the press (concentric) portion of the movement part, the shopper ought to extend the arms and contract the chest till the elbows area unit totally extended. throughout the lowering part (eccentric phase), the shopper ought to lower the burden towards the chest by controlled bending of the elbows, whereas keeping the forearms perpendicular to the resistance. the precise distance the shopper can enable the burden to maneuver throughout the eccentric portion of the exercise are determined by the client's ability to regulate their kind and alignment while not compensation. Common compensations to look at for throughout the bench press would be a lower back arch, the pinnacle lifting off the bench, excessive elbow sway, or rounding error of the shoulders.

Read also: Elbow Position within the Bench Press

The form are identical for any chest press employing a bench; but, there'll be some variations reckoning on whether or not the shopper is playing a bench press with a weight or dumbbells. The weight bench press could be a bit a lot of stable than the dumbbell bench press thanks to the exercise's closed-ring nature (hands mounted on the bar), whereas the dumbbells provide bigger freedom of movement, adding to the issue to stabilize the load.

Another distinction between the weight and also the dumbbell bench press is that the dumbbells provide a a lot of neutral forearm than the weight, which needs bigger forearm rotation to align the client’s grip with the direction of the bar. The mounted distance between the hands whereas victimisation the weight conjointly limits the client’s ability to stay their forearms perpendicular whereas totally extending the elbows.

Additionally, the bench press kind may be changed for victimisation fitness/stability balls for a less stable version of the dumbbell bench press, ideal for coaching supposed to reinforce stabilization and endurance. the best time to deal with a client's data of bench press kind would be throughout part two of the choose model, the primary introduction of the bench press exercise. to boot, the fitness/stability ball dumbbell press exercise throughout part one resistance coaching ought to function a foundation for the client’s bench press kind.


Another issue that normally impacts the power to execute correct bench press kind is that the misreckoning of acute coaching variables, like intensity, i.e., what proportion weight is getting used, and volume, i.e. what percentage sets and reps area unit being tried. it's straightforward to overestimate the acceptable intensity for a bench press. the number a shopper will press is usually confused with what a shopper will press well while not compromising kind.

Although a shopper might feel nice regarding lifting Associate in Nursing quantity that's seemingly too serious, and blissfully unaware of their offsetting movements and loss of kind, lifting with poor movement patterns ought to be avoided as they need the potential over time to guide to injury.

Fatigue is another common issue that will impede correct bench press kind. As a client’s muscles fatigue and their ability to provide force is diminished, their movement can become compromised to complete the task of bench pressing for higher or worse. Fatigue will become a problem if the shopper exhibits poor recovery habits. Fatigue will manifest if the coaching volume is beyond what the shopper will adequately live through and adapt to and/or the number of rest time before sets of bench press or when different exercises is insufficient or some combination therefrom.

To avoid victimisation an excessive amount of weight for a bench press, it's best to perform correct strength assessments like the higher extremity 1RM strength check, that utilizes the weight bench press. The results from the 1RM estimation can facilitate to a lot of accurately program the correct intensity for every shopper. to boot, the NASM choose Model provides the suggested acute variable ranges applicable for every part and goal. protrusive to the NASM choose Model can cut back the utilization of acute variables outside of what's applicable for the shopper and their strength-related goals.

Learn how to soundly increase your bench press soap here.


Muscle imbalance is a problem that's extremely current in today’s society and needs a touch a lot of work to correct than the easy data of kind or the tweaking of acute exrcise variables (Clark et al., 2018). Muscular imbalance is that the alteration within the lengths and relative activity levels of muscles close a given joint. With a number of these muscles being short and/or hyperactive et al being prolonged and/or inactive, movement compensation happens and consequently decreases contractor management.

When a muscular imbalance is severe enough to limit a joint's vary of motion, the shopper might now not possess the power to perform a bench press with correct kind thanks to the dearth of quality needed to perform the movement while not compensation. the best thanks to confirm whether or not muscle imbalance impacts bench press kind would be to assess the client’s movement quality starting with the overhead squat assessment.

Suppose the shopper exhibits arms fall forward or Associate in Nursing excessive anterior girdle tilt (lower back arch). therein case, future assessment ought to be the "hands-on-hips" modification of the overhead squat assessment to raised confirm whether or not the discovered compensations stems from the shoulder advanced or the hips, pelvis, or core. If the anterior girdle tilt improves with the hands on the hips, then the shoulder advanced can seemingly have to be compelled to be self-addressed, significantly the latissimus dorsi.

Optionally, if deemed safe and applicable for the shopper, the standing push assessment could be a loaded assessment that needs the shopper to perform a horizontal push with each arms. The standing push assessment is very bonded if a shopper struggles to take care of bench press kind and also the trainer suspects muscle imbalance as a possible wrongdoer. Shoulder impairment throughout the standing push assessment might gift as scapular elevation or winging. further compensations like Associate in Nursing excessive low back arch or forward head movement may additionally occur.

Next, to raised isolate the first reason for the client’s movement compensations you must perform quality assessments for the pectoral spine, cervical spine, shoulder, elbow, and wrist joint to work out that of the kinetic chain checkpoints is also restricted and consequently impacting bench press kind.

Mobility assessments account for over simply flexibility and account for the whole offered vary of motion at a selected joint and also the body's contractor management throughout movement (Ambler-Wright et al., 2020). the subsequent quality assessments area unit suggested to work out more the foremost seemingly supply of compensation for the shoulder and pectoral spine:

• pectoral extension

• pectoral rotation

• Cervical rotation

• Cervical lateral flexion

• Cervical flexion and extension

• Shoulder flexion and extension

• Shoulder internal and external rotation

• musculus pectoralis length check

If a shopper demonstrates restriction at the shoulder, pectoral spine, and/or cervical spine, it's conjointly seemingly to have an effect on quality within the arms, and contrariwise (Ambler-Wright et al., 2021). For this reason, the trainer ought to perform the subsequent elbow and wrist joint quality assessments as well:

• Elbow flexion and extension

• wrist joint flexion and extension

• Forearm rotation and rotary motion

Depending on the severity of compensations and quality restrictions uncovered throughout the assessment method, a shopper might need further corrective programming and a few time in part one of the choose model till quality and a lot of ideal movement quality is renovated properly before returning to the bench press.

However, suppose compensation exists however is token. therein case, it's okay to address these problems whereas still utilizing the bench press in coaching if the acute variables and bench press vary of motion depth area unit changed to the purpose that the shopper will maintain correct kind with token to no compensation.

For additional info on rising shoulder perform with sample routines, look at Dr. Thomas West’s article Shoulder Function: Enhancing Scapular Stabilization.

IMPORTANT NOTE regarding BENCH PRESSING and also the choose MODEL

It is necessary to notice that this text addresses improper bench press kind presumptuous that the shopper has already progressed to the strength phases of coaching with regard to the NASM choose Model, ab initio freed from compensation (or was otherwise minimal), and customarily speaking adequately ready for strength coaching.

Typically, most of the problems we’ll be highlight area unit avoided by following NASM's integrated coaching model, properly assessing shopper movement quality, and victimisation the Corrective Exercise time and part one of the choose Model.

This will adequately address existing muscular imbalances and limitations in joint management and stability, before utilizing the bench press in additional strength-focused phases.

It is common for a shopper to re-develop muscle imbalances and stability problems over time, particularly once the shopper is exposed to repetitive patterns of stress, like functioning at a pc for extended periods, and/or lifting, training, or playing activities identical means day in and time out. during this case, the shopper is probably going to wish a corrective routine or Associate in Nursing extended tune-up routine to enhance muscular balance before coaching to stop a backward slide in movement quality.

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