Little-known facts about lime

'Lime' can be called a fruit very close to man. The lime tree is very important to us, just like the coconut tree which we brought to you earlier which has many benefits for man. That's why not only in rural areas but also people living in urban areas try to grow a lime tree in their own little space.

Lime juice can be used for cooking as well as making a delicious drink. Apart from this, lime is used for cleaning purposes, for medical treatments such as Ayurveda, as well as for religious and cultural purposes. This article is about some facts about lime, although there is hardly anyone who has not heard about lime.

Delhi, known as Delhi in Sinhala and 'lime' in English, is a citrus fruit with a maximum diameter of 2.5 inches. Limes, which are normally green in color, turn yellow when ripe. Vitamin C is abundant in lime juice, which has a very sour taste.


Many people believe that many citrus plants, including limes, originated in the tropical Southeast and South Asian regions. Later, citrus plants spread to other countries due to trade and migration activities. Among them, Kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix), a type of lime native to Southeast Asia and South China, can be called one of the first citrus plants that spread around the world. It is said that they first spread to Micronesia and Polynesia and later spread to Middle Eastern countries. Especially in 1200 BC, many countries engaged in the spice trade, so lime and other citrus plants spread to many countries.

Factors required for lime plant growth.

The most suitable climate for lime cultivation is a subtropical climate. Temperatures below 40 degrees Celsius can be harmful to lime plants. Lime grows well in areas with low rainfall and through increased humidity, the lime plant is susceptible to various disease conditions. Drizzle and hot winds cause lime blossoms and small fruits to drop. It has been found that lime can be grown in areas with different types of soil.

Botanical complexity

Because the botanical characteristics of citrus plants are very complex, the species of citrus plants known as 'lime' in different countries of the world are different from each other. For example, the citrus fruit called 'nas narang' in Sri Lanka is called 'lime' in some countries. However, since a number of scientific researches are being carried out on citrus plants recently, it is now possible to identify each citrus plant in a different way.

Provision of lime as a gratuity to British sailors.

In the 18th century, a man named James Lind discovered that vitamin C deficiency could be treated by drinking a drink made from citrus fruits. With that discovery, all British ships were required to carry drinks made with citrus fruits, often limes.

It is said that in the 19th century, British sailors were given a lemon as a daily ration to prevent vitamin C deficiency, and later replaced the lemon with lime. At that time, vitamin C deficiency had become a common disease for sailors in many countries. Therefore, the British Navy has kept it a secret that it can be treated by consuming lime. For this reason, the nickname "Limey" has been used to refer to British naval soldiers in later years.

Nutrients in limes

Raw lime contains water, carbohydrates, fat, and protein and is also rich in citric acid. A liter of lime juice contains about 47 grams of citric acid, which is five times the amount of citric acid contained in orange juice.

Benefits/ Nutrition Facts.

Limes contain more sugar and acid than lemons, so limes are used in the preparation of various drinks. If necessary, you can squeeze lime juice and add water to make a lime drink, and currently, bottled lime drinks are also available in the market. Lime juice is also used to prepare various cocktails.

Lime is also the basic ingredient required for the preparation of 'Lunudehi' which is prepared using spices like lime, salt, and chilies. Salt is more popular in countries like India and Sri Lanka. There, salt cubes are put into the lime which is cut into four parts in a non-separating manner and dried in the sun. They are then cooked in lime juice with chilies, salt, and spices.

Lime is added as a flavoring agent in cooking because of its acidity and aroma. In countries like Mexico, Vietnam, India, and Thailand, lime can be called an indispensable flavoring for cooking. In Sri Lanka too, one must add lime while preparing the favorite 'Coconut Sambala' and 'Katta Sambala'. Dried lime called 'black lime or limo is used to flavor food in Persia, Iraq, and the Middle East. Lime peel is also used as a food flavoring.

Other uses.

Lime extract and oils prepared from the leaves of the lime plant are also used in the production of perfumes and cleaners. In addition to that, lime is also used for treatment methods in popular local medicine systems in countries like Sri Lanka and India. In Sri Lanka, lime is also used for various yantra mantras and gurukam.

Global lime production.

The total annual production of lime in the world is estimated to be approximately 20 million tons. India, the United States of America, Mexico, China, Argentina, Brazil, and Turkey are among the leading lime-growing countries.

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